注册 登录  
 加关注
   显示下一条  |  关闭
温馨提示!由于新浪微博认证机制调整,您的新浪微博帐号绑定已过期,请重新绑定!立即重新绑定新浪微博》  |  关闭

宁老师留学DIY咨询

MBA及Master申请PS/Essay/简历/推荐信写作咨询人

 
 
 

日志

 
 
关于我

2009年7月份,我给一个老朋友(Simon FT-MBA,2010春季班)为申请MBA而写的Essay提了几点比较关键的修改建议。后来,她成功拿到Simon的Offer。再后来,她建议我做留学DIY咨询方面的工作,并向我介绍了我的第一个客户。最终,我的第一个客户也成功拿到几个TOP16商学院的面试并顺利拿到Duke Fuqua商学院MBA的录取。 本人毕业于上海复旦大学管理学院国际企业管理系,属于商科科班出身并且做过管理工作、有领导经验的人士。

网易考拉推荐
 
 

INSEAD选读:China’s Colonial Ambitions  

2017-05-16 02:02:12|  分类: 领导力与管理学 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

  下载LOFTER 我的照片书  |

INSEAD选读:China’s Colonial Ambitions

 

宁老师按:

这里有个非常有意思的问题,拿破仑到底有没有说过“China is a sleeping giant. Let her sleep, for when she wakes she will move the world.”作为学者,引经据典居然说不出出处,也是本文的一个有意思的地方。 

 

 

Paulo Vicente dos Santos Alves, Funda??o Dom Cabral Professor of Strategy, and Fabian Salum, INSEAD Visiting Scholar | May 15, 2017

 

 

China is heading down the path of colonialism as it tries to slake its thirst for resources.

“China is a sleeping giant. Let her sleep, for when she wakes she will move the world.”
     Napoleon Bonaparte (1769-1821)

Europeans led a race to colonise in the 1500s, and again in the 1800s – both the result of a Schumpeterian innovation wave. In the search for new resources, products and markets, the colonists created novel organisations and production forms.

In the 1960s, when the West decided to send industry to the East in search of a cheaper workforce, it set in motion a global change. It seemed a win-win scenario. The West reduced its costs and therefore the price of goods, and as a consequence, increased sales, consumerism and standards of living. The East leveraged industrial investments and developed a rising middle class, transforming into emerging economies. This formed a five-decade trend as industry concentrated in Asia.

The race for resources

Asians rose from poverty to a mid-level consumption pattern over those decades. Their consumption level is now similar to Eastern Europe, with the exception of Japan and South Korea which already consume at the same levels as Western Europe.

Asia is rich in resources, but not rich enough to supply the steadily growing demand. It needs water, food, minerals and energy to continue its rapid growth. Forced to look for raw materials, this growing economic power is investing in Oceania, Indonesia, sub-Saharan Africa, South America and Central Asia.

Driving the colonial race

This has formed a third “colonial race”, this time led by China, not Britain or France. As the demand for resources increases, a colonial power starts to emerge. The typical characteristics of a rising colonial power can already be seen in China’s preference to start its interactions closer to home. Nearby Indonesia and Oceania are the primary recipients of Chinese investment and interest due to their massive mining industries. China’s secondary sphere of interest includes sub-Saharan Africa and South America.

Other sources of minerals and energy like Siberia, Alaska, Canada and the Middle East are under the military protection of other powers, like the United States and Russia, and so access is limited in terms of direct investment.

Figure 1 shows the four logical phases that colonial powers grow through in relation to resource regions. The four phases clearly show the aspects of “capital and coercion”: Societies interact by two means, commerce (capital) and warfare (coercion).

Figure 1 – Quantity and costs with different models

image: https://knowledge.insead.edu/sites/www.insead.edu/files/images/2017/05/phasesofcolonialism.jpg

INSEAD选读:China’s Colonial Ambitions - 宁春龙 - 宁老师留学DIY咨询The first phase consists of importing and avoiding fixed costs. Initially this works well; the colonist is able to adapt to new suppliers, eliminate problems and gain confidence in a given region. This phase started in the 1980s when Japan began looking for resources abroad, and in China with the rise of Deng Xiaoping.

The second phase arrives as volume increases and the next logical step is to reduce variable costs by increasing fixed ones and sinking capital by investing. In short, the importer becomes an investor.

By the 1990s, the Japanese were already moving into the second phase. The Chinese entered this phase when they joined the World Trade Organization (WTO) in 2001.

In their thirst for resources such as water, food, minerals and energy, the Chinese are buying infrastructure, land and companies. They are also transferring people and developing those regions, albeit not without political friction in South America and sub-Saharan Africa.

The third phase starts the transition from “capital” to “coercion”. As dependence on the source region increases, food and energy security is at stake. Aero-naval bases are built to ensure protection in a region, initially from pirates, then later from regional warfare, and finally from competitor nations.

We see the third phase in the Indian Ocean where the Chinese are negotiating naval base rights with Myanmar, Pakistan, Sri Lanka and the Seychelles. They recently established a permanent military base in Djibouti. The Chinese are also developing a navy and air force capable of establishing patrols across the South China Sea. This third phase combines capital and coercion, spurring a naval arms race among India, Australia and Japan.

The fourth and final phase is when “colonists” depend so much on the source region that they contemplate establishing colonies and protectorates to secure a monopoly of access. This is a costly affair that can only be maintained in certain regions with high value and very low organisation.

China has reached this phase in the disputed island chains of the South China Sea: the Paracels, Spratlys and the Scarborough Shoal. The control of these islands has been claimed by many nations like Vietnam, the Philippines, Malaysia, Brunei and, of course, China.

Establishing military bases and incorporating those islands into Chinese territory has been attempted, even though this is against international law and harmful to China’s international recognition.

Questions for the future

We are in a new colonial race, but the outcome is still uncertain. China’s next move will be to develop military assets to defend its interests worldwide. However, knowing how a colonial power amasses resources and land, we need to be cautious. Countering with still more military assets could lead to a new arms race. The recent move by the U.S. to install THAAD missiles in South Korea not only caused consternation in China but landed Lotte, the South Korean conglomerate that gave their U.S.-friendly government the land, in hot water with the Chinese people. There will be political and economic implications.

Trade relationships and military alliances with South America, sub-Saharan Africa and Oceania are vital to maintain a system that offsets Chinese power in terms of trade and arms.

The two previous colonial races led to an exhaustion of the global system of exchange and resulted into hegemonic transition wars: the Thirty Years War (1618-1648) and the World Wars (1914-1945). It is clear that China is aiming to become a global power and has even signalled its willingness to pick up the baton of free trade from a retreating U.S. What China’s rise will mean for world peace will depend on how peaceful the transition is from one global hegemon to another.

Paulo Vicente dos Santos Alves is a Professor of Strategy at Funda??o Dom Cabral. Fabian Salum is a Professor of Strategy and Innovation Management at Funda??o Dom Cabral and Visiting Scholar at INSEAD.


 

 

以上内容摘自:

http://www.usnews.com/education/best-graduate-schools/paying/articles/2016-03-31/determine-the-risks-rewards-of-a-masters-in-fine-arts 

 

 

宁老师(Coach Ning)联系方式:

QQ906866938

微信:可通过qq号加宁老师微信

微信公众号:宁老师DIY留学咨询

SKYPEessay-ningchunlong

LinkedIn账号:http://cn.linkedin.com/pub/chunlong-ning/30/28/409

新浪微博:http://weibo.com/ningchunlong

网易博客:http://ningchunlong.blog.163.com/

腾讯博客:http://user.qzone.qq.com/906866938/2

宁老师(Coach NingDIY留学咨询服务说明与收费标准(2016-2017

http://ningchunlong.blog.163.com/blog/static/1153712692016461220967

http://mp.weixin.qq.com/s?__biz=MzA4MDU3MzYxOA==&mid=504022883&idx=1&sn=bb813d21e4565b2911bb7e6cdbc9a07d#rd

(注:上述两个服务说明的链接,若一个无法打开请点击另一个)

宁老师Coach Ning部分MBA或者Master咨询成功案例介绍

http://ningchunlong.blog.163.com/blog/#m=0&t=1&c=fks_087069080082082074081082086095085087084064083087084069093

 

 

DIY留学申请交流QQ群:

MBA申请DIY群:137254413

Master申请DIY群:162474877

MSF/MFE申请DIY 群:27769133

HRM申请DIY群:122368914

MKT申请DIY群:228695973

MSA/Macc申请DIY群:234137969

法律LL.M申请DIY群:110533381

英国及欧洲申请DIY群:209994593

HK申请DIY群:247226867

Canada申请DIY群:255130861

新加坡香港MSF申请DIY群:82449369

MBAMaster申请差别很大请正确选择要加入的群

  评论这张
 
阅读(4)| 评论(0)
推荐 转载

历史上的今天

在LOFTER的更多文章

评论

<#--最新日志,群博日志--> <#--推荐日志--> <#--引用记录--> <#--博主推荐--> <#--随机阅读--> <#--首页推荐--> <#--历史上的今天--> <#--被推荐日志--> <#--上一篇,下一篇--> <#-- 热度 --> <#-- 网易新闻广告 --> <#--右边模块结构--> <#--评论模块结构--> <#--引用模块结构--> <#--博主发起的投票-->
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

页脚

网易公司版权所有 ©1997-2017