注册 登录  
 加关注
   显示下一条  |  关闭
温馨提示!由于新浪微博认证机制调整,您的新浪微博帐号绑定已过期,请重新绑定!立即重新绑定新浪微博》  |  关闭

宁老师留学DIY咨询

MBA及Master申请PS/Essay/简历/推荐信写作咨询人

 
 
 

日志

 
 
关于我

2009年7月份,我给一个老朋友(Simon FT-MBA,2010春季班)为申请MBA而写的Essay提了几点比较关键的修改建议。后来,她成功拿到Simon的Offer。再后来,她建议我做留学DIY咨询方面的工作,并向我介绍了我的第一个客户。最终,我的第一个客户也成功拿到几个TOP16商学院的面试并顺利拿到Duke Fuqua商学院MBA的录取。 本人毕业于上海复旦大学管理学院国际企业管理系,属于商科科班出身并且做过管理工作、有领导经验的人士。

网易考拉推荐
 
 

选校必读:THE RISE OF THE B-SCHOOL SPECIALIZED MASTER'S PROGRAM  

2016-11-21 03:34:22|  分类: 学校与选校 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

  下载LOFTER 我的照片书  |

选校必读:THE RISE OF THE B-SCHOOL SPECIALIZED MASTER'S PROGRAM

 

BY: ETHAN BARON ON DECEMBER 04, 2015

 

 

For many mid-tier business schools, the last few years have been tough. The hyper growth of the MBA degree, making it the most popular graduate degree in the U.S., has long stalled. Some schools, including Wake Forest University and Simmons College, have recently pulled out of the full-time, on-campus MBA market after years of declining applications and enrollment. Only three months ago, Rochester University’s Simon School of Business slashed the price of its two-year MBA by nearly 14%. Meantime, enrollment in many part-time MBA programs—long a profit-making mainstay of business education—has been sliding as well.

Against this sobering backdrop, however, an explosion in alternatives to an MBA are multiplying in business schools, as increasing numbers of specialized master’s degree programs offer a quick ticket to a job. Since around 2009, top schools have been adding such programs at a dizzying pace, in traditional fields such as finance and marketing, but also responding to job-market demands with a proliferation of business analytics “big data” degrees, as well as programs covering a broad spectrum of business niches.

Half of the top-25 schools have unveiled new specialized master’s programs in the past three years – they’ve been popping up across the country like mushrooms, and attracting huge numbers of applicants. Globally, more than a fifth of prospective business students are focused exclusively on specialized master’s programs, according to the Graduate Management Admission Council.

‘THESE PROGRAMS ARE MUCH CLOSER TO UNDERGRADUATE PROGRAMS ON STEROIDS’

But some business school insiders warn that some schools see the increasingly popular master’s degrees as a license to print money, and may not provide the outcomes students desire.

For people considering graduate business education, a specialized master’s presents an opportunity for a jumpstart into business, and keeps open the possibility of getting an MBA later, when advancement or a movement into general management may require it. Many programs are aimed at recent college graduates, while a smaller number offer an early- or mid-career boost.

“We don’t see these programs as sort of ‘MBA-lite,'”  says Eric Johnson, Dean of the Vanderbilt University Owen Graduate School of Management. “They really are much closer to undergraduate programs on steroids.”

NOT MBA PAY, BUT NOT BAD

Six fields dominate among the specialty master’s programs at the top 50 U.S. business schools: accounting, business analytics, finance, management, financial engineering, and supply chain management.

Most programs require the GMAT or GRE exam, but unlike MBA programs, significant work experience is often not necessary, although technical degrees generally have undergraduate-level course or degree prerequisites for enrollment.

Employment rates and starting salaries for specialty-master’s graduates of the top-ranked schools tend to be reasonably high, and also strong in many mid-tier schools. The UCLA Anderson School of Management added a master’s in financial engineering in 2008. Among Class of 2014 graduates, 93% had found jobs within three months of graduation, up from 75% in 2010. Average starting base salary for the 2014 class was $85,000 (a drop from previous years – it had been $95,000 to $100,000 from 2010 to 2013, much closer to the Anderson MBA Class of 2014’s $110,000).

In the University of Texas McCombs School’s business analytics MS program – which last year had 650 applications for a 60-seat cohort – starting salaries for graduates who had come straight into the program from college was $75,000 for 2013 and 2014, with a median salary of $89,000 among all students in the two classes. The school’s 2014 MBAs, in contrast, received starting pay of $107,000. All but one of the graduates of the two business analytics classes were employed by 60 days after finishing the program.

 

An hour east of San Francisco , the U.C. Davis Graduate School of Management rolled out a new accounting master’s in 2012, in response to pending new state requirements for CPAs; the Class of 2015 (those eligible for U.S. work) was 100% employed three months after graduation, at average starting salaries of $55,000. In Massachusetts, 91% of Babson College’s inaugural class of master’s in entrepreneurial leadership students had accepted job offers within six months of graduating earlier this year, with starting U.S. salaries averaging $64,193, a figure 57% higher than the average for liberal arts graduates with bachelor’s degrees, according to school spokesman Michael Chmura.

Getting a specialized master’s degree from a business school is generally much less costly than getting an MBA, mostly because it usually takes a year or less, but tuition is not cheap. Three of the master’s programs at NYU Stern School of Business run at around $69,000 for the year. Carnegie Mellon University’s 16-month MS in computational finance, housed at the Tepper School of Business, costs more than $80,000. The least expensive programs offered by Top 25 schools are the master’s in information systems, from the University of Washington Foster School of Business, at $33,000, and from Indiana University’s Kelley School of Business, at $34,500. Michigan State Broad College of Business runs  accounting and marketing research master’s programs with tuition less than $30,000 for state residents.

Master’s programs in highly ranked B-schools tend to be arduous. “We’re working folks very, very hard in a compressed time frame,” says Michael Hasler, director of the McCombs business analytics program, which demands 15 credit hours per semester, compared to the typical load of nine in other U of T graduate programs.

‘IN SOME WAYS IT NEEDS TO BE TOUGHER THAN THE MBA’

The Kelley School’s Philip Powell believes rigor adds impact to a master’s program. “If you can introduce a program more rigorous than an MBA, that’s a disruptive way to think about an MS program, and that’s the way to deliver value,” Powell says. “We’ve learned that if an MS program is going to be successful, in some ways it needs to be tougher than the MBA.”

The specialized programs generally attract large numbers of international students. The University of Michigan Ross School of Business master’s in supply chain management students are about 90% international. Financial engineering programs at UCLA Anderson and Carnegie Mellon Tepper attract some 80% foreign students, while the master’s in management at the Duke University Fuqua School of Business attracts 43% internationals, and business analytics at U of T McCombs takes in 37%.

Moving down the rankings from the top, the number of specialty master’s programs swells. Among Poets&Quants‘ top 25 business schools, only three have five or more specialized master’s programs, while more than half of the next 25 schools offer five or more, some in vast numbers, such as the USC Marshall School of Business, ranked 26th, with 11 degrees, and No. 50 Temple University Fox School of Business with a whopping 13.

A PLETHORA OF NICHE DEGREES

Also in the lower half of the top 50 are offerings in many niche fields, on top of the more widely available degrees in areas such as accounting and finance. USC Marshall, for example, confers master’s degrees in finance and marketing, but also in medical management, business for veterans, and management in library and information science. Temple Fox’s lineup covers popular fields such as marketing, accountancy, and business analytics, and also narrower areas including cyber security and actuarial science. In fact, once you get down into the lower half of the top 50 B-schools, you’ll find a program for just about any career direction, from biotechnology management at the U.C. Irvine Merage School, to global real estate at the Wisconsin School of Business, to sport management at SMU’s Cox School, to government contracts at George Washington University.

Arizona State Carey School of Business operates eight specialized master’s programs, hitting mainstays such as accounting and analytics, as well as real estate and global logistics. The logistics degree, according to the school, is intended to meet a swelling need for logisticians, with the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics in 2012 projecting almost 30,000 jobs will be added in this field by 2022, representing 22% employment growth. American University Kogod School of Business runs seven specialized master’s programs, from the more common MS degrees in finance, accounting, and analytics, to the more niche-area master’s degrees in real estate, and sustainability management. The University of Minnesota Carlson School of Management operates six such programs, among them a degree in HR and industrial relations. The Vanderbilt Owen Graduate School of Management has four specialized master’s programs, including two in accounting and one in healthcare management, and is rolling out a new one in marketing, to start in fall 2016.

 

Some specialized master’s programs, such as the computational finance degree at Carnegie Mellon, and the MS in Information Assurance at Iowa State College of Business, are interdisciplinary, drawing faculty and resources from multiple schools or departments in a university.

STUDENTS WANT BOOST, EMPLOYERS WANT BOOSTED EMPLOYEES

Specialty programs have been multiplying and growing in class size as a result of a confluence of factors. On the student side, there’s growing demand among college graduates who want a quick boost that will differentiate them from others with undergraduate degrees. On the employer side, technological advancement has ratcheted up competition in every sector, and companies want to hire employees who can start producing right away, with little or no training.

But would-be specialty master’s students beware: among the many useful programs are a few that were ill-conceived, and are less likely to give graduates the outcomes they want, warns Tim Westerbeck, founder of the business school consulting firm Eduvantis. “It is not an uncommon situation to go into a school that says, ‘Gosh, we thought this was a really good area to offer a program in . . .  but it turns out we’re having trouble competing,” Westerbeck says. Almost always, school administrators have not paid enough heed to local market conditions: both the job market for students, and the competitive environment with other schools, Westerbeck says. 

Indiana University Kelley School of Business’s Philip Powell is even warier of the specialized master’s degree at many institutions. “It’s an act of desperation by some business schools,” says Powell, faculty chair of the “Kelley Direct” online MS programs. “They’re in it for the fast cash. They want to make a quick buck. Given the way business schools act, the market’s going to be really scarce with really well-designed MS programs. Even the quality schools are going to launch bad MS programs.”

A RESPONSE TO DROP IN VALUE OF THE MBA DEGREE?

Powell attributes the explosion of specialized master’s programs in large part to declining demand for MBA degrees. “The cost of the MBA has risen faster in real terms than the benefits, and anytime that happens in a market that’s going to open up demand for alternatives that give a better value proposition. Opportunity cost of the residential MBA, it’s just gotten too high. You’re going to see the market drifting to other places. This is classic product substitution that we teach in MBA classrooms,” Powell says.

“If you’re going to be successful with an MS program you have to start with the question of career placement. You begin with the end in mind – you just don’t slap courses together and hope students show up. Think of barriers to entry – if you run an MBA program, how difficult is it to launch an MS program? If we’re not saturated we’re quickly going to be saturated. But I don’t think we’re going to be saturated with the smartly designed MS programs I’m talking about.”

At the University of Michigan Ross School of Business, the master’s program in supply chain management was created with an eye firmly on the job market, says program manager Eric Olson. “Almost every element of our program was developed alongside our industry partners,” Olson says. “That was done to really fill the need that they identified when we went to them and said, ‘What should we be doing to assist you in achieving your talent needs?'” The approach appears to have worked: among the last class, 92% had accepted or received job offers by graduation, 100% by four months, and average starting salary was $107,000, Olson says. 

 

Ross’s supply chain management program is one of a number offered by top schools that aren’t intended for students with little work experience. Students have an average of five years’ experience. “They are coming to us to get mastery in a particular skill that obviously marries well with their background and aptitude but will propel them in their career,” Olson says. NYU Stern’s business analytics program is another intended for experienced professionals, with average ages in the mid-30s. Notre Dame University Mendoza College of Business requires two years of work experience of its business analytics master’s students. 

Michigan State Broad College of Business has a long history running specialized master’s programs, having started an accounting degree in 1968, then added finance and supply chain management in 2002, and marketing research in 2010. In 2013, Broad opened a business analytics master’s, in response to what industry and prospective students were telling the school, says Cheri DeClercq, assistant dean of graduate programs at Broad. Companies were saying they were having trouble finding qualified people for big data jobs, because the techies weren’t good communicators and the good communicators weren’t good at tech, DeClercq says. “We try to be really responsive to the marketplace: what companies need, and what students want,” DeClercq says. The rate of job offers three months after graduation for the business analytics program has been close to 100% each year, with the class of 2014 receiving average starting salaries of just over $80,000, DeClercq says. Application volumes for the analytics program have doubled every year, DeClercq says.

MASTER’S INTEREST UP FOR ENHANCERS, SWITCHERS, INNOVATORS

Globally, 22% of prospective business school students are focused exclusively on specialized master’s programs, according to the 2015 Prospective Students Survey by the Graduate Management Admission Council, which administers the GMAT. “Student interest in specialized business master’s programs alone has increased across all respondent groups—career enhancers, career switchers, and aspiring entrepreneurs,” the GMAC report says. Among “career enhancers,” who are defined by GMAC as those who want personal and professional growth, and to be recognized by their employers as able to contribute more, the percentage interested only in specialized master’s programs grew to 31% from 22% between 2010 and 2014. The percentage of “career switchers” interested only in those programs nearly doubled to 19% from 10%, while 16% of those in the “aspiring entrepreneur” category were focused only on specialized master’s programs by 2014, compared to 10% in 2010.

Of those considering these programs, 31% were interested in an accounting degree; 28% were after a finance degree; 7% a management degree; and 6% a marketing or international management degree. Supply chain management and data analytics master’s degrees were sought after by 3% of prospective students.

According to the GMAC survey, 26% of prospective students were looking at specialized master’s programs along with MBA programs.

FIVE YEARS, 142 NEW PROGRAMS

In 2013, the global accrediting body for business schools The Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of Business, pointed to fast-rising interest in specialized master’s programs, while interest in MBA programs had been dropping slightly. From 2008/09 to 2012/13, MBA enrollment had fallen 3% in North America, while the numbers of students taking specialized master’s programs had skyrocketed 38%. Worldwide, schools had added 142 such programs, many of them in finance and accounting, followed by general business, strategic management, and quantitative methods. By 2013/14, accounting led the way in the share of specialized master’s programs, with 20%, and finance had the second-largest proportion, at 12%, according to the AACSB. Running at around 6% to 7% were marketing, management, and computer information systems and management information programs.

 

The specialty master’s programs for several years have been a magnet for international students, particularly from China, Westerbeck of Eduvantis says. “To some degree, you could say this factor has driven the rise of the specialty masters market,” Westerbeck says. “We have seen conditions in which domestic schools have literally nearly filled their classes in these programs with these students.  That, of course, has created its own challenges for institutions.  

“I think there are a lot of reasons for this situation — the specialized master product features shorter, more focused programs, relatively welcoming arms at many institutions for these typically full-paying students, the relative quantitative nature of certain disciplines (less reliant on language skills) and, of course, the allure of the shortest, most straightforward means to get an ‘American’ graduate business school degree.  The big question we are asking is whether this is a sustainable market for these programs, or whether other forces and factors will lead to change over time.”

YOURS IS TO WONDER WHY

Another question to ask, according to Vanderbilt University Owen Graduate School of Management dean Eric Johnson, is why a school created a particular program. Some programs with very high proportions of international students may have arisen out of somewhat mercenary motivations, “designed as revenue-generating programs with big classes of primarily international students,” Johnson says. “We carefully manage the international student body to create diversity and diversity of thought in the classroom, but not to fill seats. I’m sure there are cases in some of the schools where they’re just finding revenue opportunities and going for it.” It should be noted that merely having a large share of foreign students in a program does not make it a mere cash cow. Employment data from UCLA Anderson, and Carnegie Mellon Tepper, for example, show impressive graduate outcomes from programs that lean heavily toward the international.

A prospective student’s evaluation of specialty master’s programs should focus significantly on the student body and graduates’ outcomes, Johnson says. “Very much like any investment decision, it really is looking at the program, the types of students that are in the program currently, and where they go when they’re done,” Johnson says. “That typically speaks volumes for the quality of the program. Where do the students go and what are they getting paid?”

Johnson recommends school visits for those planning a specialized master’s, and potential applicants should closely examine what career services a school provides to master’s students. “They want to look carefully to make sure that that school’s investing in the program and providing the services and support you would need to land that great job,” Johnson says. “Do they have dedicated career management? Or is it kind of an afterthought?”

GETTING PAST A LACK OF TRANSPARANCY

Johnson points out that not all schools are, as Owen is, transparent about their student populations and graduates’ employment and salaries. With an absence of any materially helpful rankings, it’s up to applicants to seek all the data they can find that will assist them in predicting the value they would receive from a particular program, Johnson says.

Prospective B-school master’s students should closely analyze programs’ value propositions, says Philip Powell of Kelley. Program admissions staff should be able to describe exactly how master’s graduates benefit from the programs, and more important, whom a program will not benefit, Powell says. “If they’re trying to be everything to everybody, they’re not going to deliver any value,” Powell says.  “My advice for prospective students is figure out exactly what you want in terms of career outcomes, and then look for those MS programs that actually talk about their value proposition very specifically.”

 

Sorting out which U.S. B-school master’s programs are the best choices for a particular student can be difficult. No reliable rankings exist. U.S. News & World Report‘s rankings of specialty master’s programs are shallow and subjective, based only on survey responses from business school deans and directors of accredited master’s programs. The Financial Times rankings of finance and management master’s programs focus mainly on European schools. And lest you stumble upon the host of specialized-master’s rankings at “TFE Times” and think they must be heaven sent, note the website’s other content, such as “Saving Your Pet With CPR,” “What If You Made Alien Contact?” and “222 Powerful Actions (sic) Verbs to Use in Resume.” (That type of distracting content, however, did not deter the Michigan State Broad College of Business from hyping, on its website, its No. 7 ranking from TFE for its business analytics program. Indeed, the Syracuse University Whitman School had its master of finance program director in October publicly salute his program’s No. 33 TFE ranking, and the University of Rochester Simon School lists its four spots in the TFE ranking among its placements alongside its rankings in U.S. News, Bloomberg BusinessWeek, and the Financial Times.)

MASTER’S INTEREST NOT CONSISTENT ACROSS FIELDS

While Westerbeck of Eduvantis says his firm’s research shows a general upward trend in interest in specialized master’s programs, Eduvantis analyzed Google search data and found that some subject areas were drawing more interest than others. Business analytics saw a 50% increase this year over last, while searches related to programs in accounting and real estate were up 23%. Search volumes for supply chain management were down 33%, and entrepreneurship was down 28%, with flat interest in finance and marketing, Westerbeck says, adding that the search data is “highly predictive” of prospective-student demand.

Also contributing to the popularity of many programs is millennial graduate students’ tendency to seek relatively short programs with a narrow focus and rigorous discipline, combined with the students’ preference to pursue general-management education through other means, such as open courses at top schools, or later via an MBA, Westerbeck says.

It’s impossible to say how many specialized master’s programs are floated and fail quickly, or hang on for a few years before succumbing, because schools generally don’t report failed programs. (Hult International Business School’s eulogy for a fallen social entrepreneurship master’s program stands out as somewhat of an oddity. The promotional material for the program, which started in 2011 but is being shut down in August 2016, has been translated into the past tense: “This Master degree program was designed for recent graduates who wanted to launch a career in social entrepreneurship,” Hult’s website says. “(It) helped students understand and develop core business skills while learning how to successfully engage in issue advocacy, problem-solving through innovation, and project development and management. Hult is a thought leader in social entrepreneurship and our curriculum was at the cutting-edge of this exciting space.”)

EVERY JOB MARKET IS DIFFERENT

As schools can err in assuming a national upswing in interest in a particular field would mean a program in their market in that field would likely succeed, students can err in thinking that nationwide demand for graduates in a particular field applies to employers everywhere, Westerbeck cautions. Prospective students must research the job market or markets where they intend to work, and determine whether job opportunities in their preferred fields and disciplines exist there, and whether the school is placing students in such positions there, Westerbeck says.

The other key consideration for those considering specialized master’s programs – and wanting to get a job as a result – is school brand, and the brand’s value in the job market, Westerbeck says. “What’s the power of the brand you’re buying, versus an institutional brand that isn’t as well recognized?” Westerbeck says. “The point is finding the best possible combination of brand, of focus, of program, that aligns with your particular interest, in the market in which you seek to be employed with this degree.”

 

Master’s programs can piggy-back on schools’ existing educational infrastructure, making them potentially a good value proposition, Westerbeck says. “These master’s programs are essentially a great way to further leverage, to product extend if you will, assets that were built for other purposes, such as to serve the MBA program. The margins, when all the costs are allocated, are typically significantly better,” he says, adding that such programs can be rolled out relatively quickly and can help schools respond to changes in the labor market.

REASONS BEHIND PROLIFERATION IN NON-ELITE TIERS

The programs can also serve to differentiate schools in the marketplace, which is one of the reason the numbers of them grow as you move down the rankings, Westerbeck says. Elite schools can rest on their brands to some extent, and have less need to differentiate themselves, he says. Lower-ranked schools, lacking the big brand, focus on the products they offer, hence the multiplicity of different degrees granted by schools in the lower half of the top 50, Westerbeck says. The Kelley School’s Philip Powell notes that elite schools are under less financial pressure than lower-ranked schools, reducing the likelihood they’ll create programs just to fill seats with paying students.

Relatively new to the lineup of B-school master’s programs is business analytics, or data analytics. Driven by the rise of big data, these programs have sprouted up across the country to fill a massive job-market need. According to a 2011 McKinsey & Company report, “Leaders in every sector will have to grapple with the implications of big data, not just a few data-oriented managers,” the report says. “The increasing volume and detail of information captured by enterprises, the rise of multimedia, social media, and the Internet of Things will fuel exponential growth in data for the foreseeable future.” McKinsey estimates that by 2018, U.S. companies may face a shortage of 190,000 workers with “deep analytical skills,” plus a lack of up to 1.5 million managers who know how to apply big-data analysis to decision-making.

The University of Texas McCombs School is one of five top-25 B-schools to add a master’s of business analytics in the past three years. “It really was a response to the market,” says Michael Hasler of McCombs. “We have a very strong recruiting relationship with many of our top corporations that recruit here and employ here. We got feedback from them that they’re really looking for this skill set.”

‘NOT A SUBSTITUTE’ FOR AN MBA

About a third of the McCombs business analytics graduates go into consulting, for firms that include program sponsor Deloitte, as well as Accenture, and Pricewaterhouse Coopers. The next-largest group of grads ends up in retail or consumer insight at companies such as Wal-Mart, while others go into financial firms on the marketing and consumer-insight side, and into consumer insight as well as operations-research roles and data-driven supply-chain jobs, Hasler says. Tech firms such as Facebook and Dell have also hired graduates, he says.

Hasler makes clear that the degree may be a step on the way to a future MBA, but is not a substitute. “This is an MS degree, it is a technical degree,” he says. Graduates are trained to inform data-driven decision making, not to manage, and may well work on a team under a manager with an MBA, Hasler says.

Professors teaching McCombs business analytics classes are drawn from the MBA and undergraduate business programs, as well as from the computer science, engineering, statistics, and scientific computing departments.

In a departure from the generally specialized nature of the master’s programs, four schools in the top 25 offer general-management master’s degrees, mostly intended for recent liberal arts or sciences college graduates, and covering basics such as management, marketing, accounting, finance, and strategy. The Northwestern University Kellogg School of Management unrolled its MS in Management Studies in 2013, at first as a 4+1 master’s for Northwestern undergrads, then opened it to students from around the country and the world for the class that entered in July. Kellogg has expanded the class size to 65 over the three years the program has been operating, from 25 and 26 in its first and second years. “Alumni have stressed the value of this degree – both for career placement and for being able to attain the skill set needed to guide their careers,”  says Matthew Merrick, associate dean of MBA operations at Kellogg.

 

 

 

以上内容摘自:

http://poetsandquants.com/2015/12/04/rise-b-school-specialized-masters-program/ 

 

 

宁老师(Coach Ning)联系方式:

QQ906866938

微信:可通过qq号加宁老师微信

微信公众号:宁老师DIY留学咨询

SKYPEessay-ningchunlong

LinkedIn账号:http://cn.linkedin.com/pub/chunlong-ning/30/28/409

新浪微博:http://weibo.com/ningchunlong

网易博客:http://ningchunlong.blog.163.com/

腾讯博客:http://user.qzone.qq.com/906866938/2

宁老师(Coach NingDIY留学咨询服务说明与收费标准(2016-2017

http://ningchunlong.blog.163.com/blog/static/1153712692016461220967

http://mp.weixin.qq.com/s?__biz=MzA4MDU3MzYxOA==&mid=504022883&idx=1&sn=bb813d21e4565b2911bb7e6cdbc9a07d#rd

(注:上述两个服务说明的链接,若一个无法打开请点击另一个)

宁老师Coach Ning部分MBA或者Master咨询成功案例介绍

http://ningchunlong.blog.163.com/blog/#m=0&t=1&c=fks_087069080082082074081082086095085087084064083087084069093

 

 

DIY留学申请交流QQ群:

MBA申请DIY群:137254413

Master申请DIY群:162474877

MSF/MFE申请DIY 群:27769133

HRM申请DIY群:122368914

MKT申请DIY群:228695973

MSA/Macc申请DIY群:234137969

法律LL.M申请DIY群:110533381

英国及欧洲申请DIY群:209994593

HK申请DIY群:247226867

Canada申请DIY群:255130861

新加坡香港MSF申请DIY群:82449369

MBAMaster申请差别很大请正确选择要加入的群

  评论这张
 
阅读(5)| 评论(0)
推荐 转载

历史上的今天

在LOFTER的更多文章

评论

<#--最新日志,群博日志--> <#--推荐日志--> <#--引用记录--> <#--博主推荐--> <#--随机阅读--> <#--首页推荐--> <#--历史上的今天--> <#--被推荐日志--> <#--上一篇,下一篇--> <#-- 热度 --> <#-- 网易新闻广告 --> <#--右边模块结构--> <#--评论模块结构--> <#--引用模块结构--> <#--博主发起的投票-->
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

页脚

网易公司版权所有 ©1997-2017